Tempora Mutantur, Nos Et Mutamur in Illis: Religion and Female Employment Over Time

11 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2015

See all articles by Justina A. V. Fischer

Justina A. V. Fischer

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD); Stockholm School of Economics; University of Hohenheim

Francesco Pastore

Seconda Università di Napoli - Dipartimento di Discipline Giuridiche ed Economiche Italiane Europee e Comparate; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This study analyses whether the role of religion for employment of married women in Europe has changed over time and along women's life cycles. Using information on 44'000 married European women from the World Values Survey 1981-2013, we find that in OECD-Europe there is little difference among women of any age since 1997. For non-OECD-Europe, we find differences by religion among young women, but not among those older than 40 years, which we attribute to an upbringing under communist regimes. Only Muslim women show a lower employment probability that persists across time, regions, and life cycles.

Keywords: religion, labor market participation, modernization, gender, Europe, transition countries, Eastern Europe, OECD, World Values Survey

JEL Classification: D83, J16, J22, N34, Z12, Z13

Suggested Citation

Fischer, Justina A.V. and Pastore, Francesco, Tempora Mutantur, Nos Et Mutamur in Illis: Religion and Female Employment Over Time. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9244. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2655285

Justina A.V. Fischer (Contact Author)

Organization for Economic Co-Operation and Development (OECD) ( email )

2 rue Andre Pascal
Paris Cedex 16, 75775
France

Stockholm School of Economics

PO Box 6501
Stockholm, 11383
Sweden

University of Hohenheim

Fruwirthstr. 48
Stuttgart, 70599
Germany

Francesco Pastore

Seconda Università di Napoli - Dipartimento di Discipline Giuridiche ed Economiche Italiane Europee e Comparate ( email )

Via Antonio Vivaldi, 43
Caserta CE, Caserta 81100
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.giurisprudenza.unina2.it/news.php?nid=185

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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