The Great Expectations: Impact of One-Child Policy on Education of Girls

41 Pages Posted: 4 Sep 2015

See all articles by Wei Huang

Wei Huang

Harvard University - Department of Economics; NBER; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Xiaoyan Lei

Peking University - CCER

Ang Sun

Renmin University of China

Abstract

The rise in education of women relative to men is an emerging worldwide phenomenon in recent decades. This paper investigates the impact of the birth control policies on teenage girls' education attainment. The estimates suggest that the policies explain 30 percent of the education increase for women born in 1945-1980 and 50 percent of the gender gap narrowing in China. Further analysis provides some suggestive evidence for potential mechanisms, including the policy-induced expectations for labor and marriage market and subjective attitudes on children and gender-equality. These findings highlight the role of fertility policies in women's empowerment of last century.

Keywords: One-Child Policy, education of girls, expectation

JEL Classification: D84, I20, J13, J16, J18

Suggested Citation

Huang, Wei and Lei, Xiaoyan and Sun, Ang, The Great Expectations: Impact of One-Child Policy on Education of Girls. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9301, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2655341

Wei Huang (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

Littauer Center
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

NBER ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Xiaoyan Lei

Peking University - CCER ( email )

No. 38 Xueyuan Road
Haidian District
Beijing, Beijing 100871
China

Ang Sun

Renmin University of China ( email )

Room B906
Xianjin Building
Beijing, 100872
China

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