Labour Casualization and Trade Unionism in Nigeria

International Journal of Information, Business and Management, Vol. 7, No.4, 2015

20 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2015

Date Written: March 27, 2015


The role of trade unions in contemporary industrial relation system is increasingly deflating as many work organizations (formal and informal) now engage in labour casualization. Labour casualization is the process where workers in an organization are casual, temporary, seasonal, contract or part-time employees with little or no legal provisions. However, the most perturbing issue is the restriction of casual workers from joining trade unions which has denied them from benefiting from collective agreement in the organization. It is against this background that this paper set out to examine how labour casualization practices have affected the activities of trade unionism in Nigeria. A descriptive survey method was adopted in the study. Participants were 120 staff of Larfage Wapco Cement, Ewekoro, Ogun State, Nigeria who were selected through triangulation of sampling methods. Data was collected through structured questionnaire and secondary qualitative sources. Result shows that labour casualization has weakened volume of trade union members, financial strength and bargaining power of trade unions in Nigeria. Thus, the study recommends that government should invoke relevant laws that will encourage casual workers to enjoy freedom of association so that they can be protected against exploitation and to give them a voice.

Keywords: Exploitation, Freedom, Labour Casualization, Industrial Relations, Trade Union

JEL Classification: L44, L16

Suggested Citation

Solaja, Mayowa, Labour Casualization and Trade Unionism in Nigeria (March 27, 2015). International Journal of Information, Business and Management, Vol. 7, No.4, 2015, Available at SSRN:

Mayowa Solaja (Contact Author)

University of Ibadan ( email )

University of Ibadan
Ibadan, OR Oyo Stase 10001

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