Constitutional Reform and Emergency Powers in Egypt and Tunisia

Zwitter, Andrej. “Constitutional Reform and Emergency Powers in Egypt and Tunisia.” Middle East Law and Governance 7, no. 2 (August 31, 2015): 257–84. doi:10.1163/18763375-00702003.

University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2015/35

29 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2015 Last revised: 20 Sep 2015

See all articles by Andrej Zwitter

Andrej Zwitter

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law; Political Sciences

Date Written: September 4, 2015

Abstract

Legal mechanisms governing the state of emergency can play an important role in authoritarian rule and post-revolutionary transition periods. Egypt has experienced the terror of a regime empowered by emergency law. In Tunisia, emergency law was not so much an issue before but rather after the Jasmine revolution. Given the importance of emergency regulations in both cases, this article provides brief process-oriented accounts of the constitutional reforms triggered by the Arab Spring. It furthermore takes a critical look at how Egypt and Tunisia have redesigned these norms in the latest constitutions of early 2014. On the basis of criteria regarding the rule of law and mechanisms of crisis governance in modern democracies, this article then analyses and evaluates the key elements regarding checks and balances pertaining to emergency regulations in the 2014 constitutions.

Keywords: state of emergency, constitutional law, constitutional reform, Arab Spring, Tunisia, Egypt

JEL Classification: K00, K10, K40

Suggested Citation

Zwitter, Andrej, Constitutional Reform and Emergency Powers in Egypt and Tunisia (September 4, 2015). Zwitter, Andrej. “Constitutional Reform and Emergency Powers in Egypt and Tunisia.” Middle East Law and Governance 7, no. 2 (August 31, 2015): 257–84. doi:10.1163/18763375-00702003.; University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 2015/35. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2656063

Andrej Zwitter (Contact Author)

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law ( email )

9700 AS Groningen
Netherlands

Political Sciences ( email )

9700 AS Groningen
Netherlands

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