The Impact of Technological Distance on M&A Target Choice and Transaction Value

F. Stellner, Technological distance: Theoretical foundations, statistical analysis and application to mergers and acquisitions, Norderstedt, BoD, 2015, pp. 91-143

Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 15-12

65 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2015 Last revised: 21 Aug 2019

See all articles by Florian Stellner

Florian Stellner

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Date Written: September 1, 2015

Abstract

Using a sample of 538 M&A transactions covering public and private firms in a wide range of predominantly high technology industries, I investigate how the innovation characteristics of the target as well as the technological and product market distance between the target and the acquirer affect the acquirer’s choice of M&A targets and the transaction price. I show that the existence of an inverted U-shape relationship between technological distance and the likelihood of being chosen as a target is not very robust. The higher the product market (technological) distance between the acquirer and the target, the more do acquirers prefer firms which are close in technological (product market) space. Regarding the role of acquirer characteristics, I find that the lower the acquirer’s patenting growth and return on assets, the more technologically distant firms are chosen. The relationship between technological distance and the transaction price is also investigated parametrically and semi-parametrically, but no statistically robust inverted U-shape relationship is found. I also provide explanations for the apparent inconsistency between the evidence found herein and previous studies on the impact of technological distance on post M&A innovation performance.

Keywords: Technological distance, patents, M&A, conditional logit

Suggested Citation

Stellner, Florian, The Impact of Technological Distance on M&A Target Choice and Transaction Value (September 1, 2015). F. Stellner, Technological distance: Theoretical foundations, statistical analysis and application to mergers and acquisitions, Norderstedt, BoD, 2015, pp. 91-143, Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 15-12 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2656088 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2656088

Florian Stellner (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

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