An Empirical Analysis of Bike Sharing Usage and Rebalancing: Evidence from Barcelona and Seville

Faghih-Imani, A., Hampshire, R., Marla, L., & Eluru, N. (2017). An empirical analysis of bike sharing usage and rebalancing: Evidence from Barcelona and Seville. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 97, 177-191. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.12.007

28 Pages Posted: 8 Sep 2015 Last revised: 6 Mar 2020

See all articles by Ahmadreza Faghih-Imani

Ahmadreza Faghih-Imani

McGill University

Robert Hampshire

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Transportation Research Institute

Lavanya Marla

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Naveen Eluru

University of Central Florida

Date Written: September 7, 2015

Abstract

Over 400 cities around the world have deployed or have plans to deploy a bike sharing system. However, the factors that drive their usage and the amount of rebalancing they require are not known precisely. A knowledge of these factors would allow cities to design or modify their systems to increase usage while lower rebalancing costs. We collect station-level occupancy data from two cities and transform station occupancy snapshot data into station level customer arrivals and departures to perform our analysis. Specifically, we postulate that arrivals and departures from stations can be separated into: (i) arrivals (and departures) due to consumers, and (ii) arrivals (and departures) due to the system operators for rebalancing the system. We then develop a mixed linear model to estimate the influence of bicycle infrastructure, socio-demographic characteristics and land-use characteristics on customer arrivals and departures. Further, we develop a binary logit model to identify rebalancing time periods and a regression model framework for the amount of rebalancing. The research is conducted using bike sharing data from Barcelona and Seville, Spain. The resulting modeling framework provides a template for examining bicycle rebalancing across the world, and a tool to improve system management of bicycle sharing systems.

Keywords: bike sharing, rebalancing, linear mixed model, and points of interest

Suggested Citation

Faghih-Imani, Ahmadreza and Hampshire, Robert and Marla, Lavanya and Eluru, Naveen, An Empirical Analysis of Bike Sharing Usage and Rebalancing: Evidence from Barcelona and Seville (September 7, 2015). Faghih-Imani, A., Hampshire, R., Marla, L., & Eluru, N. (2017). An empirical analysis of bike sharing usage and rebalancing: Evidence from Barcelona and Seville. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 97, 177-191. DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.12.007 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2657197 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2657197

Ahmadreza Faghih-Imani

McGill University ( email )

1001 Sherbrooke St. W
Montreal, Quebec H3A 1G5
Canada

Robert Hampshire (Contact Author)

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Transportation Research Institute ( email )

2901 Baxter Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States

Lavanya Marla

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ( email )

601 E John St
Champaign, IL 61820
United States

Naveen Eluru

University of Central Florida ( email )

4000 Central Florida Blvd
Orlando, FL 32816-1400
United States

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