War Torts: Accountability for Autonomous Weapons

56 Pages Posted: 10 Sep 2015 Last revised: 7 Sep 2016

See all articles by Rebecca Crootof

Rebecca Crootof

University of Richmond School of Law; Yale University - Yale Information Society Project

Date Written: April 29, 2016

Abstract

Unlike conventional weapons or remotely operated drones, autonomous weapon systems can independently select and engage targets. As a result, they may take actions that look like war crimes β€” the sinking of a cruise ship, the destruction of a village, the downing of a passenger jet β€” without any individual acting intentionally or recklessly. Absent such willful action, no one can be held criminally liable under existing international law.

Criminal law aims to prohibit certain actions, and individual criminal liability allows for the evaluation of whether someone is guilty of a moral wrong. Given that a successful ban on autonomous weapon systems is unlikely (and possibly even detrimental), what is needed is a complementary legal regime that holds states accountable for the injurious wrongs that are the side effects of employing these uniquely effective but inherently unpredictable and dangerous weapons. Just as the Industrial Revolution fostered the development of modern tort law, autonomous weapon systems highlight the need for β€œwar torts”: serious violations of international humanitarian law that give rise to state responsibility.

Keywords: Autonomous Weapon Systems, Killer Robots, Killer Robots, Tort Law, Criminal Law, International Humanitarian Law, Law of Armed Conflict, Accountability

Suggested Citation

Crootof, Rebecca, War Torts: Accountability for Autonomous Weapons (April 29, 2016). University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2657680

Rebecca Crootof (Contact Author)

University of Richmond School of Law ( email )

28 Westhampton Way
Richmond, VA 23173
United States

Yale University - Yale Information Society Project ( email )

127 Wall Street
New Haven, CT 06511
United States

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