The Role of Error Analysis in Teaching and Learning of Second and Foreign Language

Education and Linguistics Research, 1(2), 52-62. DOI:10.5296/elr.v1i1.8189

11 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2015 Last revised: 22 Sep 2015

See all articles by Agsa Jobeen

Agsa Jobeen

University of Gujrat

Bahram Kazemian

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Tabriz Branch

Muhammad Shahbaz

Majmaah University

Date Written: September 13, 2015

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to investigate errors made by second and foreign language (L2) learners so as to understand the strategies and techniques used in the process of second and foreign language learning. Error analysis is a very important area of applied linguistics as well as of second and foreign language learning. It is also a systematic method to analyze learners' errors. Errors are not always bad, rather they are crucial parts and aspects in the process of learning a language. They may provide insights into the complicated processes of language development as well as a systematic way for identifying, describing and explaining students' errors. Errors may also help to better understand the process of second and foreign language acquisition. This study tries to investigate why Pakistani ESL and Iranian EFL learners fail to produce grammatically correct sentences in English, in spite of having English as a compulsory subject at all levels in their learning institutions and schools. What are the reasons for their poor English written performance? In the present study, the writing assignments of university students as well as intermediate English learners were analyzed for the purpose of error analysis. Results of the analysis suggest that students lack grammatical accuracy in their writing and are not sure of the grammatical rules that may apply in their writing in English. The study concludes that they are highly influenced by the rules of their first language (L1).

Keywords: Error Analysis, Language Transfer, Errors, Mistakes, Contrastive Analysis, EFL, ESL

Suggested Citation

Jobeen, Agsa and Kazemian, Bahram and Shahbaz, Muhammad, The Role of Error Analysis in Teaching and Learning of Second and Foreign Language (September 13, 2015). Education and Linguistics Research, 1(2), 52-62. DOI:10.5296/elr.v1i1.8189 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2659714

Agsa Jobeen

University of Gujrat ( email )

Jalalpur Jattan Road
Gujrat, Punjab 0092
Pakistan

Bahram Kazemian (Contact Author)

Islamic Azad University (IAU) - Tabriz Branch ( email )

Tabriz Northern Bypass Expy
Tabriz
Iran

Muhammad Shahbaz

Majmaah University ( email )

Majmaah, Majmaah 11952
Saudi Arabia

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