Distilling Liquidity Costs from Limit Order Books
40 Pages Posted: 16 Sep 2015 Last revised: 24 Jun 2018
Date Written: June 19, 2018
This paper proposes a method to compute ex-ante trading costs at the intraday level from limit order books. Using nearly 500 of the largest traded companies in the NYSE ArcaBook, we show that these costs have nontrivial intraday dynamics, are negatively related to volume and positively related to volatility. When ex-ante trading costs are incorporated into price impact specifications, the results show that this measure provides relevant information about price changes of the market at a high frequency level. Our evidence suggest that ex-ante trading costs constitute a new source of information for the study of intraday liquidity.
Keywords: Intraday liquidity, limit order books, price impact, price formation
JEL Classification: G12, G14
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