Interconnections between Eurozone and US Booms and Busts Using a Bayesian Panel Markov-Switching VAR Mode

Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 15-111/III

63 Pages Posted: 15 Sep 2015 Last revised: 23 Sep 2015

See all articles by Monica Billio

Monica Billio

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia

Roberto Casarin

University Ca' Foscari of Venice - Department of Economics

Francesco Ravazzolo

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano - Faculty of Economics and Management; BI Norwegian Business School

H. K. van Dijk

Tinbergen Institute; Econometric Institute

Date Written: September 8, 2015

Abstract

Interconnections between Eurozone and United States booms and busts and among major Eurozone economies are analyzed using a Panel Markov-Switching VAR model. The model accommodates changes in low and high data frequencies and incorporates endogenous time-varying transition matrices of country-specific Markov chains. These country-specific Markov chains depend on their own past history and the history of other chains, thus allowing for interconnections between cycles, and an endogenous common Eurozone cycle is derived by aggregating the country-specific cycles. The model is estimated using a simulation based Bayesian approach in which an efficient multi-move sampling algorithm is defined to draw time-varying Markov-switching chains. Using industrial production growth and credit spread data for all countries, several empirical results have emerged. Recession, slow gro wth and expansion are empirically identified as three regimes with slow growth becoming persistent in the Eurozone in recent years different from the US. The Eurozone and the US regimes appear not fully synchronized, with evidence of more recessions in the Eurozone. Second, turning point analysis indicates larger synchronization at the beginning of the Great Financial Crisis: this shock affects the US first, leading the Eurozone cycle, and spreads then rapidly among these economies. Third, amplification effects influence recession probabilities for Eurozone countries when shocks occur. The evidence is different for the US where this reinforcement does not exist. In recent years there are more imbalances among regimes in Eurozone countries. Fourth, a credit shock results in substantial negative industrial production growth for several months in Germany, Spain and the US.

Keywords: Bayesian Modelling, Panel VAR, Markov-switching, International Business Cycles, Interaction mechanisms

JEL Classification: C11, C15, C53, E37

Suggested Citation

Billio, Monica and Casarin, Roberto and Ravazzolo, Francesco and van Dijk, Herman K., Interconnections between Eurozone and US Booms and Busts Using a Bayesian Panel Markov-Switching VAR Mode (September 8, 2015). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper 15-111/III. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2660723 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2660723

Monica Billio (Contact Author)

Ca Foscari University of Venice - Dipartimento di Economia ( email )

Cannaregio 873
Venice, 30121
Italy

HOME PAGE: http://www.unive.it/persone/billio

Roberto Casarin

University Ca' Foscari of Venice - Department of Economics ( email )

San Giobbe 873/b
Venice, 30121
Italy
+39 030.298.91.49 (Phone)
+39 030.298.88.37 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://venus.unive.it/r.casarin/

Francesco Ravazzolo

Free University of Bozen-Bolzano - Faculty of Economics and Management ( email )

Via Sernesi 1
39100 Bozen-Bolzano (BZ), Bozen 39100
Italy

BI Norwegian Business School ( email )

Nydalsveien 37
Oslo, 0442
Norway

HOME PAGE: http://www.francescoravazzolo.com/

Herman K. Van Dijk

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Gustav Mahlerplein 117
Burg. Oudlaan 50
Amsterdam/Rotterdam, 1082 MS
Netherlands
+31104088955 (Phone)
+31104089031 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://people.few.eur.nl/hkvandijk/

Econometric Institute ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands
+31 10 4088955 (Phone)
+31 10 4527746 (Fax)

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