Volunteerism after the Tsunami: The Effects of Democratization

49 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Tiago Freire

Tiago Freire

University of Canberra; Roberts Capital Advisors LLC

J. Vernon Henderson

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Ari Kuncoro

University of Indonesia

Date Written: September 15, 2015


Using three waves of survey data from fishing villages in Aceh, Indonesia for 2005?09, the paper examines the determinants of local volunteer labor after the tsunami. Volunteer labor is the village public sector labor force for maintenance, clean-up and renovation of public capital. While also examining the effects on volunteerism of village destruction and trauma, pre-existing social capital, diversity, and aid delivery, the papers focuses on the effects of democratization. The tsunami and massive international aid effort prompted the settlement of the insurgency movement in Aceh, which had led to suspension of local elections over the prior twenty or more years. Until 2006, village heads who call volunteer days were effectively selected by village elites, who may highly value the public facilities maintained by volunteer labor. With elections, volunteer days fall under the new regime, with democratically elected village heads calling fewer volunteer days, which may appeal more to the typical villager. Identification comes from pseudo-randomized differential timing of elections.

Keywords: Parliamentary Government, E-Government, Peri-Urban Communities, Rural Urban Linkages, Social Accountability

Suggested Citation

Miguel de Abreu Freire, Tiago Alexandre and Henderson, J. Vernon and Kuncoro, Ari, Volunteerism after the Tsunami: The Effects of Democratization (September 15, 2015). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7410, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2661136

Tiago Alexandre Miguel de Abreu Freire

University of Canberra ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601

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Roberts Capital Advisors LLC ( email )

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J. Vernon Henderson

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

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London, WC2A 2AE
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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cambridge, MA 02138
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Ari Kuncoro (Contact Author)

University of Indonesia ( email )

Jl. Prof. Sumitro Djojohadikusumo
Depok, DKI 16424

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