What Affects Children's Outcomes: House Characteristics or Homeownership?

33 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2015

See all articles by Steven C. Bourassa

Steven C. Bourassa

Florida Atlantic University

Donald R. Haurin

Ohio State University (OSU) - Economics

Martin Hoesli

University of Geneva - Geneva School of Economics and Management (GSEM); Swiss Finance Institute; University of Aberdeen - Business School

Date Written: September 10, 2015

Abstract

We study the impact of housing conditions on the educational outcomes of young persons in Switzerland. We focus on children ages 15 to 19, who are potentially enrolled in or graduates of high school or vocational training programs, and young adults ages 20 to 24, who are potentially students in or graduates of university or other tertiary institutions. Housing conditions are characterized in three ways: whether the parents rent or own the dwelling, the type of dwelling (house or apartment), and a measure of crowding (occupants per room). We find that the density of residents in the dwelling is the only influential housing characteristic. Crowding directly affects the outcomes of children ages 15 to 19 and presumably indirectly affects the outcomes of young adults given that admission to university study requires completion of high school. None of the other housing characteristics affects children’s outcomes. In particular, homeownership is not statistically significant in any of our estimations.

Keywords: child outcomes, crowding, homeownership, educational attainment

JEL Classification: R31; I31; I24

Suggested Citation

Bourassa, Steven C. and Haurin, Donald R. and Hoesli, Martin Edward Ralph, What Affects Children's Outcomes: House Characteristics or Homeownership? (September 10, 2015). Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper No. 15-42. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2663441 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2663441

Steven C. Bourassa

Florida Atlantic University ( email )

777 Glades Road
Boca Raton, FL 33431
United States
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Donald R. Haurin

Ohio State University (OSU) - Economics ( email )

154 N. Oval Mall
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Columbus, OH 43210-1172
United States
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Martin Edward Ralph Hoesli (Contact Author)

University of Geneva - Geneva School of Economics and Management (GSEM) ( email )

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Switzerland
+41 22 379 8122 (Phone)
+41 22 379 8104 (Fax)

Swiss Finance Institute

c/o University of Geneva
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Switzerland

University of Aberdeen - Business School ( email )

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Aberdeen, Scotland AB24 3QY
United Kingdom
+41 22 379 8122 (Phone)
+41 22 379 8104 (Fax)

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