Aging in Europe: Reforms, International Diversification and Behavioral Reactions

14 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2015

See all articles by Axel H. Börsch-Supan

Axel H. Börsch-Supan

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA)

Klaus Härtl

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA)

Alexander Ludwig

Goethe University Frankfurt - Research Center SAFE; University of Cologne - Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences

Date Written: May 15, 2014

Abstract

The extent of demographic changes in Europe and Asia is much more drastic than in the US. This paper studies the effects of population aging on the interactions between economic growth and living standards in Europe with labor market and pension reform, behavioral adaptations, and international capital flows. Our analysis is based on an overlapping generations model with behavioral reactions to reform which is extended to the multi-country situation typical for Europe. While the negative effects of population aging on growth in Europe can in principle be compensated by reforms and economic adaptation mechanisms, they may be partially offset by behavioral reactions.

Keywords: aging, pension reform, labor market reform, labor supply reactions

JEL Classification: J11, J21; D13; E27; H55; F16, F21

Suggested Citation

Börsch-Supan, Axel H. and Härtl, Klaus and Ludwig, Alexander, Aging in Europe: Reforms, International Diversification and Behavioral Reactions (May 15, 2014). Max Planck Institute for Social Law and Social Policy Discussion Paper No. 25-2014. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2663952 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2663952

Axel H. Börsch-Supan (Contact Author)

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) ( email )

Amalienstrasse 33
Munich, 80799
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.mea.mpisoc.mpg.de

Klaus Härtl

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Munich Center for the Economics of Aging (MEA) ( email )

Amalienstrasse 33
Munich, 80799
Germany
+49-(0)89-38602-351 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://mea.mpisoc.mpg.de/index.php?id=230&no_cache=1&tx_meamitarbeiteranzeige_pi1[showUid]=1133&cHas

Alexander Ludwig

Goethe University Frankfurt - Research Center SAFE ( email )

(http://www.safe-frankfurt.de)
Theodor-W.-Adorno-Platz 3
Frankfurt am Main, 60323
Germany

University of Cologne - Faculty of Management, Economics and Social Sciences ( email )

Albertus-Magnus-Platz
Cologne, D-50923
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.wiso.uni-koeln.de/cmr/alexludwig

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