An Agent-Based Model for Crisis Liquidity Dynamics
36 Pages Posted: 23 Sep 2015
Date Written: September 16, 2015
Financial crises are often characterized by sharp reductions in liquidity followed by cascades of falling prices. Researchers are making progress in work to understand the levels of liquidity on a daily basis, but understanding the vulnerability of liquidity to market shocks remains a challenge. We develop an agent-based model with the objective of evaluating the market dynamics that lead the market supply of liquidity to recede during periods of crisis. The model uses a limit-order-book framework to examine the interaction of three types of traditional market agents: liquidity demanders, liquidity suppliers, and market makers. The paper highlights the implications of changes in market makers' ability to provide intermediation services and the heterogeneous decision cycles of liquidity demanders versus liquidity suppliers for crisis-induced illiquidity.
Keywords: Liquidity, agent-based modeling, price impact, limit orderbook, market making
JEL Classification: D40, G01, G12, G14, G17, G33
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