Competition between and within Universities: Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Group Identity and the Desire to Win

20 Pages Posted: 24 Sep 2015

See all articles by Zhuoqiong (Charlie) Chen

Zhuoqiong (Charlie) Chen

Harbin Institute of Technology - Shenzhen Graduate School

David Ong

Jinan-Birmingham Joint Institute

Roman M. Sheremeta

Case Western Reserve University

Date Written: September 22, 2015

Abstract

We study how salient group identity, created through competition between students from different universities, as well as differences in the value of winning impact competitive behavior. Our experiment employs a simple all-pay auction within and between two university subject pools. We find that when competing against their peers, students within the lower tier university bid more aggressively than students within the top-tier university. Also, students from the lower tier university, in particular women, bid more aggressively when competing against students from the top-tier university. These findings, interpreted through a theoretical model incorporating both group identity and differential value of winning, suggest that students at the lower tier university have a stronger group identity as well as higher desire to win.

Keywords: experiments, all-pay auction, competitiveness, group identity

JEL Classification: C91, D03, J7, Z13

Suggested Citation

Chen, Zhuoqiong and Ong, David and Sheremeta, Roman M., Competition between and within Universities: Theoretical and Experimental Investigation of Group Identity and the Desire to Win (September 22, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2664329 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2664329

Zhuoqiong Chen

Harbin Institute of Technology - Shenzhen Graduate School ( email )

Room 202G, Building E, HITSZ campus
University Town of Shenzhen
Shenzhen, Guangdong 518055
China

David Ong

Jinan-Birmingham Joint Institute ( email )

University City, Panyu
Guangzhou, Guangdong 510632
China

HOME PAGE: http://https://birmingham.jnu.edu.cn/

Roman M. Sheremeta (Contact Author)

Case Western Reserve University ( email )

10900 Euclid Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44106
United States

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