How Does Transportation Shape Intrametropolitan Growth? An Answer from the Regional Express Rail

IEB Working Paper N. 2015/20

41 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2015

See all articles by Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Autonomous University of Barcelona; University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

University of Barcelona

Camille Hémet

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: July 24, 2015

Abstract

This paper analyzes the influence of transportation infrastructure, and in particular of the Regional Express Rail (RER), on employment and population growth in the Paris metropolitan area between 1968 and 2010. In order to make proper causal inference, we rely on historical instruments and control for all other transportation modes that could be complement or substitute to the RER. A dynamic analysis accounting for spatial heterogeneity reveals that for municipalities located less than 13 kilometers from an RER station, each kilometer closer to the station increases employment and population growth by 12% and 8% respectively. Regarding the time pattern of these effects, we find no impact of the RER expansion on employment growth during the first part of the period, while the effect on population growth appears earlier but declines over time.

Keywords: Urban growth, urban spatial structure, transportation

JEL Classification: R11, R12, R42, L91

Suggested Citation

Garcia-López, Miquel-Àngel and Viladecans-Marsal, Elisabet and Hémet, Camille, How Does Transportation Shape Intrametropolitan Growth? An Answer from the Regional Express Rail (July 24, 2015). IEB Working Paper N. 2015/20. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2664538 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2664538

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López (Contact Author)

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

Barcelona

Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

University of Barcelona ( email )

Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585
Barcelona, 08007
Spain

Camille Hémet

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

c/ Tinent Coronel Valenzuela, 1-11
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

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