GAAP vs. IFRS Treatment of Leases and the Impact on Financial Ratios
Review of Business & Finance Studies, v. 7 (1) p. 93-104
12 Pages Posted: 29 Jan 2016
Date Written: 2016
As of January 1, 2013, most of the world financial market economies are using International Reporting Standards (IFRS) as the required framework for financial statements. A non-comprehensive listing includes the European Union Countries, Canada, Australia, Japan and New Zealand. In the United States, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) is still required but adoption of IFRS has support of many accounting firms and professional organizations and is under consideration by the SEC. This case study focuses on differences in the treatment of leases and the impact of these differences on financial statements and selected financial ratios. Students take GAAP financial statements and prepare an IFRS based balance sheet, cash flow statement and income statement. It is necessary to understand both GAAP and IFRS rules regarding leases to address this case study. This case study is suitable for use at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. It may be used in an Intermediate Accounting II, Accounting Theory, Financial Statement Analysis or an International Accounting class, as well as an Investment Finance course. The case can be offered as an individual case study or as a group project.
Keywords: US GAAP, IFRS, Capital Lease, Operating Lease, Financing Lease, Ratios
JEL Classification: M4, M41, M42, M48, M49
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation