Why Do Women and Men Differ in Their Preferences Towards Redistribution? An Analysis of Sibling-Parent Data in a Most Gender-Egalitarian Context
34 Pages Posted: 25 Sep 2015 Last revised: 15 Jun 2016
Date Written: June 14, 2016
This paper is about the puzzle of why women express stronger support for income redistribution than men. The analysis is based on Danish survey data (DLSY-C 2010) including information on brothers, sisters and parents and allowing us to distinguish factors within and between families. The findings are: (1) the baseline gender difference is as large within families as between families; (2) observable characteristics that differ between brothers and sisters account for only about 15 percent of the baseline gender difference; and (3) the gender difference varies substantially by socio-economic family background (parents’ sector of employment, education and wealth). In sum, the gender difference arises from familial factors not shared by brothers and sisters and varies strongly by socio-economic family background.
Keywords: welfare state; preferences; gender; sex; siblings; family; attitudes; cohort study; Denmark
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