Chile 2014 - ¿Una Nueva Medida de lo Posible? Verdad, Justicia, Memoria y Reparaciones Pos Dictadura’ (‘Chile 2014 – New Possibilities for post-Dictatorship Truth, Justice, Memory and Reparations?’)

33 Pages Posted: 30 Sep 2015

See all articles by Cath Collins

Cath Collins

Universidad Diego Portales; Ulster University - Transitional Justice Institute

Date Written: September 25, 2015

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: En las dos décadas y media desde el inicio de su transición, Chile ha implementado diversas iniciativas y acciones en medidas de verdad, justicia, reparación y garantías de no repetición por las masivas y sistemáticas violaciones a los derechos humanos cometidas durante la dictadura cívico militar. En 2013, le tocó a una administración de derecha presidir el país en la fecha sensible del cuadragésimo aniversario del golpe de Estado, fecha que finalmente vio brotar conmemoraciones multifacéticas y multisectoriales, y que dejó como legado manifiesto cierto avance en el reconocimiento y repudio público de dichas violaciones desde el sector oficial. En el período actual, se realizan múltiples promesas de avances y novedades. Pero existe una necesidad igual o más urgente de mejorar la coordinación, corrección y consolidación de lo ya existente, eliminando contradicciones entre medidas e instancias y revirtiendo errores e insuficiencias atribuibles a una marcada tendencia histórica a actuar o legislar sobre la marcha. Se debe evaluar los resultados de lo ya recorrido, entendiendo que “más” no siempre significa “mejor”. Se podría sacar más rédito de algunos “enclaves de excelencia”, espacios dentro de la estructura estatal integrados por individuos cuyo compromiso personal y profesional se ha tenido que sobreponer a la indiferencia o incluso la mala fe dentro de sus propias instituciones. Ellos, en dialogo cercano con sobrevivientes, familiares y el movimiento de DD.HH. en general, reúnen un potencial para dar una respuesta más completa ante la sociedad nacional, regional e internacional siempre que el Estado se ocupe de valorar, potenciar y coordinar sus labores impulsando un sólido y continuado trabajo intersectorial entre las agencias existentes.

English Abstract: In the two and a half decades since its transition back to democracy began, Chile has seen a range of initiatives and actions in the areas of truth, justice, reparations and guarantees of non-repetition for the massive and systematic human rights violations committed during its 1973-1990 right-wing civil-military dictatorship. In 2013, it fell to a right-wing governing party to oversee sensitive commemorations of the 40th anniversary of the military coup. The date gave rise to an extraordinary flowering of memorial activities and events all around the country, and its legacies include a certain measure of progress in public acknowledgement and repudiation by state authorities of past violations. Many promises were made about future progress and new measures. However, consolidation and improvement of existing measures, institutions and services may be an equally important and urgent need: contradictions and gaps, created by a pervasive habit of ad hoc, poorly-thought-through legislation, need to be corrected and eliminated. Evaluation of existing efforts should also be deeper, on the understanding that ‘more’ does not automatically mean ‘better’. More could be made of certain ‘enclaves of excellences’, spaces in state structures that have come to be occupied by individuals whose personal and professional commitment to the issues has been tested to the limit in overcoming indifference or even active opposition and bad faith within their own institutions. These individuals, in close consultation with survivors, relatives, and human rights organisations, constitute by far the best hope for future advances if the state really wishes to acquit itself better before national and international society with regard to its outstanding and ongoing transitional justice obligations.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: Truth, transitional justice, memory, reparations, Valech truth commission, dictatorship

Suggested Citation

Collins, Cath, Chile 2014 - ¿Una Nueva Medida de lo Posible? Verdad, Justicia, Memoria y Reparaciones Pos Dictadura’ (‘Chile 2014 – New Possibilities for post-Dictatorship Truth, Justice, Memory and Reparations?’) (September 25, 2015). Transitional Justice Institute Research Paper No. 15-07. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2665696 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2665696

Cath Collins (Contact Author)

Universidad Diego Portales ( email )

Republica 112
Santiago, Santiago
Chile

Ulster University - Transitional Justice Institute ( email )

Shore Road
Newtownabbey, Belfast BT37 OQB
Northern Ireland

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
92
Abstract Views
482
rank
279,590
PlumX Metrics