Tie-In Sales: Antitrust Doctrines and a Lack of Respect of Property Rights

11 Pages Posted: 2 Oct 2015

See all articles by Magdalena Laskowska

Magdalena Laskowska

Université Paris II - Panthéon-Assas

Date Written: October 2, 2015


The purpose of this paper is to argue that any tying is not anticompetitive, and that abolishing the doctrine of anticompetitive tie-in sales is necessary on the exclusive basis of the property rights protection: each firm has the exclusive right to dispose the essence and accessories of its own product or service, and can, therefore, tie or bundle them in any configuration. The respect of this requirement is necessary to protect the property rights of the owner. A travel service contains bundles of trips, cars contain bundles of diverse features, electronic goods contain bundles of components, websites contain bundles of contributions, and this is perfectly legitimate, and must be protected for the sake of the protection of property rights.

Keywords: tying, bundling, property rights

Suggested Citation

Laskowska, Magdalena, Tie-In Sales: Antitrust Doctrines and a Lack of Respect of Property Rights (October 2, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2668533 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2668533

Magdalena Laskowska (Contact Author)

Université Paris II - Panthéon-Assas ( email )

12 place du Pantheon
Paris cedex 06, 75231

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