Why and When Do Motives Matter? An Integrative Model of Motives, Role Cognitions, and Social Support as Predictors of OCB

Posted: 4 Oct 2015

See all articles by You Kim

You Kim

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management

Linn Van Dyne

Michigan State University - The Eli Broad College of Business and The Eli Broad Graduate School of Management

Dishan Kamdar

Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad

Russell Johnson

Michigan State University - The Eli Broad College of Business and The Eli Broad Graduate School of Management

Date Written: March 2, 2013

Abstract

We extend prior thinking about citizenship behavior by integrating employee motives, social support, and role cognitions as predictors of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Drawing on trait activation and situated self theories, we provide insights into why and when motives predict OCB using multi-source data from two field samples. In Study 1, we propose and demonstrate that the quality of social support functions as a boundary condition that qualifies relations of motives with OCB. In Study 2, we expand further by introducing role cognitions as a proximal motivational factor that mediates relations of the motives by social support interactions with OCB. Our findings support our hypothesized moderated mediation. Overall, our set of results enhances understanding of OCB by integrating the OCB motive and role cognition literatures, which to date have developed separately. As our results demonstrate, role cognitions are domain-specific obligations to perform OCB that mediate relations of more distal predispositions to perform OCB (i.e., motives) with helping and voice behavior.

Suggested Citation

Kim, You and Van Dyne, Linn and Kamdar, Dishan and Johnson, Russell, Why and When Do Motives Matter? An Integrative Model of Motives, Role Cognitions, and Social Support as Predictors of OCB (March 2, 2013). Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol. 12, No. 1, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2668787

You Kim (Contact Author)

Temple University - Department of Human Resource Management ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Linn Van Dyne

Michigan State University - The Eli Broad College of Business and The Eli Broad Graduate School of Management ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824-1121
United States

Dishan Kamdar

Indian School of Business (ISB), Hyderabad ( email )

Hyderabad, Gachibowli 500 019
India

Russell Johnson

Michigan State University - The Eli Broad College of Business and The Eli Broad Graduate School of Management ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824-1121
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
507
PlumX Metrics