Improving the Educational Recreational Capacity of Cities Through Designing Knowledge-Theme Park (Case Study: 10 District of Mashad's Municipality in Iran)
14 Pages Posted: 5 Oct 2015
Date Written: August 30, 2015
In fact, 'City' has the same nature as what comes to the mind as culture. However, by development of cities and unlimited increase of cities, the relation between the human being and the nature has been reduced. Nowadays, the machinery life through the daily increase of cities has made the human being so far away from the nature. That is why breathing in a healthy weather and having rest and fun have become a vital need for the people of the cities. Therefore, as parks are the place of city inhabitants' rest, to avoid jobs and life's problems, these people try to use parks. This need has made that place a proper tool for culture making and an indirect education. This resulted into that the experts and relevant officials, through making the parks thematic and also with the education during fun, to improve the knowledge of their people and to be able to attract tourist as well.
Therefore, designing knowledge theme parks in order to improve the education al and amusing capacity of cities is under focus of this paper. The general topic of this research is to provide a proper field for merging education, amusement and building a pleasant, attractive and different atmosphere for the people, tourists and particularly for the kids in form of making knowledge theme park. In this regard, the basic concepts of knowledge, park and its functions, the knowledge park and its aims, the characteristics and the history of establishment are described. Then the national and foreign experience in theme parks and the derived norms and standards for designing them are reviewed. Finally, due to an increase in the number of Iranian and foreign tourists and pilgrims of Mashad city and because of the need in quantitative and qualitative improvement of leisure and tourism atmospheres and also the necessity of revising the process of planning and designing parks, the district 10 of Mashad's municipality is introduced for the case study; and therefore, the knowledge theme park is designed for this site. The research methodology of this paper is descriptive-analytical and is based on the process of environmental planning and designing.
Iran's Supreme Leader: "Iran is a cultural and knowledge based global city with Iranian and Islamic, beautiful, resistant, rich and model identity in Islam's world."
"We must promote the basic knowledge in a manner that knowing sciences such as physics, chemistry, mathematics and other fields of the basic science become customary and public concerns."
Keywords: knowledge theme park, city, education, outing, designing.
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