Does Early Childbearing Matter?: New Approach Using Danish Register Data

32 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2015 Last revised: 9 Jan 2019

See all articles by Philip Rosenbaum

Philip Rosenbaum

University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics; Copenhagen Business School - Department of Economics

Date Written: January 1, 2019

Abstract

Work interruptions related to childbearing are expected to affect mothers’ wages directly through changes in the formation of human capital. This effect is proposed as being exceptionally strong for early childbearing women who are about to start their working careers. This study investigates whether the poor long-term labor market outcomes experienced by women who first gave birth before turning 25 reflect previously existing disadvantages or are a consequence of the timing of childbearing. The purpose is also to observe whether a new combination of the best identification practices of earlier studies serves as a better estimation method. This is done by applying a within-family estimator while treating miscarriages as exogenous variation, thereby mitigating family and individual heterogeneity, which might have biased earlier results based on either of the two identification strategies alone. It is found that early childbearing has no long-term effects on women’s earnings.

Keywords: Fertility, child penalty, female labor outcomes

JEL Classification: J13, J24, J31

Suggested Citation

Rosenbaum, Philip, Does Early Childbearing Matter?: New Approach Using Danish Register Data (January 1, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2669965 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2669965

Philip Rosenbaum (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen - Department of Economics ( email )

Øster Farimagsgade 5, Bygn 26
Copenhagen, 1353
Denmark

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/philrosenbaum/

Copenhagen Business School - Department of Economics ( email )

Porcelænshaven 16A 1. Sal
Frederiksberg C, DK - 2000
Denmark

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