Cross-Country Technology Diffusion: The Case of Computers

28 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2001

See all articles by Francesco Caselli

Francesco Caselli

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Wilbur John Coleman

Duke University, Fuqua School of Business-Economics Group

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 2001

Abstract

We use data on imports of computer equipment for a large sample of countries between 1970 and 1990 to investigate the determinants of computer-technology adoption. We find strong evidence that computer adoption is associated with higher levels of human capital and with manufacturing trade openness vis-a-vis the OECD. We also find evidence that computer adoption is enhanced by high investment rates, good property rights protection, and a small share of agriculture in GDP. Finally, there is some evidence that adoption is reduced by a large share of government in GDP, and increased by a large share of manufacturing. After controlling for the above-mentioned variables, we do not find an independent role for the English- (or European-) language skills of the population.

Keywords: Computers, diffusion, human capital, knowledge externalities

JEL Classification: E10, O30, O40

Suggested Citation

Caselli, Francesco and Coleman, Wilbur John, Cross-Country Technology Diffusion: The Case of Computers (March 2001). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 2744. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=267101

Francesco Caselli (Contact Author)

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) - Department of Economics ( email )

Houghton Street
London WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Wilbur John Coleman

Duke University, Fuqua School of Business-Economics Group ( email )

Box 90097
Durham, NC 27708-0097
United States
(919) 660-7962 (Phone)
(919) 660-7971 (Fax)

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