Summer Learning and the Effect of Schooling: Evidence from Sweden

59 Pages Posted: 23 Apr 2001

See all articles by Mikael Lindahl

Mikael Lindahl

University of Bonn; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: February 2001


Using that schools are in session during the school year and out of session during the summer, it is possible to isolate the effect of schooling on learning. This natural experiment situation can also be used to see whether schooling compensates for disadvantageous social backgrounds. Using a new sample of Swedish sixth grade pupils, results are that math skills are lost when pupils are not in school, pupils with non-Swedish parents learn relatively more during the school year, and learning is unrelated to pupils' parents' socioeconomic level during both the summer and the school year.

Keywords: Summer Learning, School-Year Learning, Schooling Effects, Family Background, School-Year Length

JEL Classification: I21, I28, H52

Suggested Citation

Lindahl, Mikael, Summer Learning and the Effect of Schooling: Evidence from Sweden (February 2001). Available at SSRN: or

Mikael Lindahl (Contact Author)

University of Bonn ( email )

Postfach 2220
Bonn, D-53012

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

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