The Production of Information in an Online World: Is Copy Right?

58 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2015 Last revised: 11 Dec 2017

Julia Cage

Sciences Po Paris Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Nicolas Herve

Institut National de l'Audiovisuel (Ina)

Marie-Luce Viaud

Institut National de l'Audiovisuel

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: December 9, 2017

Abstract

This paper documents the extent of copying and estimates the returns to originality in online news production. We build a unique dataset combining all the online content produced by French news media (newspaper, television, radio, pure online media, and a news agency) during the year 2013 with new micro audience data. We develop a topic detection algorithm that identifies each news event, we trace the timeline of each story and study news propagation. We unravel new evidence on online news production. First, we show that one quarter of the news stories are reproduced online in less than 4 minutes. Second, we find that only 32.6% of the online content is original. Third, we show that reputation effects partly counterbalance the negative impact of plagiarism on newsgathering incentives. By using media-level daily audience and article-level social media statistics (Facebook and Twitter shares), we find that original content represents between 54 and 62% of online news consumption. Reputation mechanisms actually appear to solve about 30 to 40% of the copyright violation problem.

Keywords: Internet, Information spreading, Copyright, Investigative journalism, Social Media, Facebook, Twitter, Reputation

JEL Classification: L11, L15, L82, L86

Suggested Citation

Cage, Julia and Herve, Nicolas and Viaud, Marie-Luce, The Production of Information in an Online World: Is Copy Right? (December 9, 2017). NET Institute Working Paper. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2672050 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2672050

Julia Cage (Contact Author)

Sciences Po Paris Department of Economics ( email )

28 Rue des Saints-Pères
Paris, 75007
France

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

Nicolas Herve

Institut National de l'Audiovisuel (Ina) ( email )

France

Marie-Luce Viaud

Institut National de l'Audiovisuel ( email )

France

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