Motivating IT-Mediated Crowds: The Effect of Goal Setting on Project Performance in Online Crowdfunding
32 Pages Posted: 22 Oct 2015
Date Written: September 30, 2015
In traditional organizations, stretch goals - difficult and seemingly unattainable goals - have been much debated for their paradoxical effects. Recently, their use as a managerial instrument in IT-mediated crowds has increased. Using online crowdfunding on Kickstarter as an example, we investigate how the use of stretch goals influences project performance. Empirical results show that the use of stretch goals is associated with better project funding performance. Such positive effect is even stronger for projects with higher levels of community engagement. However, stretch goals are less effective in project categories where stretch goals are less novel. Our empirical results also reveal that the use of stretch goals significantly increases a project’s likelihood of delivery delay. These results shed light on the potential dark side of using stretch goals in IT-mediated crowds.
Keywords: Goal setting, stretch goals, IT-mediated crowds, motivation, crowdfunding, online community, engagement
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