Extraversion and Agreeableness: Divergent Routes to Daily Satisfaction with Social Relationships

Journal of Personality, 84, 121-134, 2016

44 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2015 Last revised: 29 Sep 2016

See all articles by William Tov

William Tov

Singapore Management University

Ze Ling Nai

Singapore Management University

Huey Woon Lee

Singapore Management University

Date Written: 2016

Abstract

Objective: We examined the unique effects of extraversion and agreeableness (and honesty-humility) on everyday satisfaction with family, friends, romantic life, and acquaintances, and explored potential mediators of these effects.

Method: Three diary studies (N’s = 206, 139, 185) were conducted on Singaporean University students. In Studies 1 and 2, participants rated their satisfaction with different relationship categories. In Study 3, participants rated their satisfaction and social interactions with ten target individuals each day for a one-week period.

Results: Both extraversion and agreeableness predicted relationship satisfaction. However, the effect of extraversion was mediated by greater levels of trust in others, whereas the effect of agreeableness was mediated by less frequent negative exchanges (criticism, perceived anger, and perceived neglect). The effect of honesty-humility on negative exchanges was similar to agreeableness. When both were entered as predictors, only the effect of honesty-humility was significant.

Conclusions: We discuss how the processes by which personality affect relationship satisfaction vary depending on the trait as well as the particular measure that is used (IPIP NEO-PI-R, California Q-Set, and IPIP-HEXACO).

Keywords: extraversion, agreeableness, personality, relationships satisfaction, trust, honesty-humility

JEL Classification: I31

Suggested Citation

Tov, William and Nai, Ze Ling and Lee, Huey Woon, Extraversion and Agreeableness: Divergent Routes to Daily Satisfaction with Social Relationships (2016). Journal of Personality, 84, 121-134, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2673634

William Tov (Contact Author)

Singapore Management University ( email )

90 Stamford Road
Level 4
Singapore, 178903
Singapore

Ze Ling Nai

Singapore Management University ( email )

Li Ka Shing Library
70 Stamford Road
Singapore 178901, 178899
Singapore

Huey Woon Lee

Singapore Management University ( email )

Li Ka Shing Library
70 Stamford Road
Singapore 178901, 178899
Singapore

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