Bank Lending and the European Sovereign Debt Crisis
61 Pages Posted: 14 Oct 2015 Last revised: 22 Jul 2017
Date Written: July 22, 2017
I investigate whether bank exposures to sovereign debt during the European debt crisis affected the real economy. I show a shock to the marked-to-market (MTM) value of bank exposures to sovereign debt led to credit tightening in 2010–2011 that had negative real effects on small and young firms. Since banks do not usually mark their holdings of sovereign bonds to market, I explore the transmission channels of the unrealized losses on credit supply. I show that a shock to MTM exposures reduced bank short-term funding from US money market funds rather than affecting equity or working through alternative channels.
Keywords: Sovereign debt; real effects; credit supply; bank funding; regulatory capital
JEL Classification: G21,G30,H63
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation