Ex Post Inequality of Opportunity Comparisons

28 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2015

See all articles by Marc Fleurbaey

Marc Fleurbaey

Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs

Vito Peragine

Università di Bari

Xavier Ramos

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Abstract

In this paper we propose different criteria to rank income distributions according to equality of opportunity. Different from existing ones, our criteria explicitly recognize the interplay between circumstances and effort. We characterize them axiomatically and we compare them with existing criteria; then we propose some scalar measures. We show that our ex post criteria are mostly obtained from "seemingly" ex ante properties. In the second part of the paper we apply our new criteria to measuring inequality of opportunity in Germany. We illustrate our ex-post inequality of opportunity approach based on classes by means of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) for the first decade of the 2000s.

Keywords: equality of opportunity, ex post/ex ante, compensation, reward, SOEP, Germany

JEL Classification: D3, D63, D71

Suggested Citation

Fleurbaey, Marc and Peragine, Vitorocco and Ramos, Xavier, Ex Post Inequality of Opportunity Comparisons. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9407. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2675444

Marc Fleurbaey (Contact Author)

Princeton University - Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs ( email )

Princeton University
Princeton, NJ 08544-1021
United States

Vitorocco Peragine

Università di Bari ( email )

Piazza Cesare Battisti 1
Bari, Taranto 70121
Italy

Xavier Ramos

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona ( email )

Dept. Economia Aplicada
Campus UAB
Bellaterra, Barcelona 08193
Spain

Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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