Is Amazon the Next Google?

Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers, Vol. 20, No. 97

57 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2015 Last revised: 2 Nov 2015

See all articles by Oliver Budzinski

Oliver Budzinski

Ilmenau University of Technology

Karoline Köhler

Ilmenau University of Technology - Faculty of Economic Sciences

Date Written: October 12, 2015

Abstract

Dominant or apparently dominant internet platform increasingly become subject to both antitrust investigations and further-reaching political calls for regulation. While Google is currently in the focus of the discussion, the next candidate is already on the horizon – the ubiquitous online trading platform Amazon. Competitors and suppliers but also famous economists like Paul Krugman unite in criticizing Amazon’s market power and alleged abuse of it. In this paper, we collect the multitude of allegations against Amazon and categorize them according to types of potential anticompetitive conduct or types of market failure. We provide an economic analysis of these allegations based upon economic theory as well as publicly available information and data. As one of our main results, we find that the most severe allegations against Amazon do not hold from an economic perspective and, consequently, do not warrant regulation or other drastic interventions (like breaking the company up). However, several areas of conduct, in particular, the use of best price clauses and the (anti-) competitive interplay of Amazon and the major publishers in the e-book market require competition policy action. The standard antitrust instruments, enriched with modern economic theory, should suffice to disincentivize the identified anticompetitive conduct for now.

Keywords: antitrust, internet, platform economics, media economics, competition policy, innovation, Amazon, Google, e-books, book industry, best-price clauses, abuse of dominance, pricing, regulation

JEL Classification: K21, L41, L42, L81, K23, L50, L82, L12, D40, L25, Z11, B52, L86, M21

Suggested Citation

Budzinski, Oliver and Köhler, Karoline, Is Amazon the Next Google? (October 12, 2015). Ilmenau Economics Discussion Papers, Vol. 20, No. 97. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2676079

Oliver Budzinski (Contact Author)

Ilmenau University of Technology ( email )

Ilmenau, D-98684
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.tu-ilmenau.de/wth

Karoline Köhler

Ilmenau University of Technology - Faculty of Economic Sciences ( email )

Germany

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