A Global Stakeholder View of NGO Influence on MNC Child Labor Code Advocacy: A Rapid Evidence Review
19 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2015
Date Written: September 10, 2015
Among other advocacy initiatives, Non-Government Organizations (NGOs) focus on critical human and labor rights, Multinational Corporation’s (MNC) adherence to child labor codes of conduct, and the management of a solid socially responsible investing (SRI) relationship. NGO influence with MNCs has resulted in children being withdrawn from dangerous work, rehabilitated or averted from entering the workforce. Discussion includes NGO advocacy of ILO Convention 182-3d, which defines hazardous child labor as “work which, by its nature or the circumstances in which it is carried out, is likely to harm the health, safety, or morals of children.”(ILO, 2014). This rapid evidence review examines the complexity of NGOs, MNCs through the framework of Freeman’s Stakeholder Theory (SHT), Donaldson and Preston’s Normative Approach Model in relation to case study evidence from South Asian MNCs including Gap, Nike, and the International Labor Organizations (ILO) performing as a catalytic osmosis bleeding into world labor concerns.
Keywords: Multinational-corporations (MNCs), non-government organizations (NGOs), normative approach, rapid evidence/assessment review, and socially responsible investing (SRI)
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