The Constitutionality of Online Vote Swapping

43 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2015 Last revised: 25 Jan 2016

See all articles by Marc Randazza

Marc Randazza

Randazza Legal Group; World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO); Università di Torino Faculty of Law

Date Written: June 1, 2001


The boondoggles of the 2000 presidential election were not limited to dimpled chads, standards of review, or Supreme Court Justices making a mockery of federalism. The forgotten issue of the 2000 election, and the issue that stands to impact presidential politics in 2004, took place in cyberspace. While an election close enough for hanging chads to decide the outcome is not likely to recur, online vote swapping will be back in 2004.

Suggested Citation

Randazza, Marc, The Constitutionality of Online Vote Swapping (June 1, 2001). Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review, Vol. 34, No. 1, 2001, Available at SSRN:

Marc Randazza (Contact Author)

Randazza Legal Group ( email )

United States

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) ( email )

34, chemin des Colombettes
Geneva 20, CH-1211

Università di Torino Faculty of Law ( email )


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