Gravity in the Exchange Rate Factor Structure
68 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2015 Last revised: 18 Jun 2019
Date Written: April 1, 2019
We relate the risk characteristics of currencies to measures of physical, cultural, and institutional distance. The currencies of countries which are more distant from other countries are more exposed to systematic currency risk. This is due to a gravity effect in the factor structure of bilateral exchange rates: When a currency appreciates against a basket of all other currencies, its bilateral exchange rate appreciates more against the currencies of distant countries. As a result, currencies of peripheral countries are more exposed to the systematic variation than currencies of central countries. Trade network centrality is the best predictor of a currency's average exposure to systematic risk.
Keywords: Exchange Rates, Factor Models, Gravity Equation, Home Bias
JEL Classification: F31, G12
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation