Servant Leadership Relationship with Leader-Member Exchange: The Moderating Role of Motivation-to-Serve and Motivation-to-Lead

International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences, 2015, Vol. 4(3), pp. 108-127

19 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2015

See all articles by Okechukwu Amah

Okechukwu Amah

Pan-Atlantic University - Lagos Business School

Date Written: October 28, 2015

Abstract

Using 200 paired responses from managers/supervisors, and their subordinates working in three big organizations in Nigeria, this study validated the factor structure for servant leadership and combined the motivational and behavioral approaches in the servant leadership model to enhance the predictive power of servant leadership. Cross sectional survey design was used to acquire data. Principal component factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis both confirmed that 7-factor structure was adequate for servant leadership behavior. Hierarchical regression analysis justified the combination of the motivational and behavioral approaches, since more variance in leader-member exchange was explained, compared to when only one approach was used in a model. The implications of this study are: to be effective, high motivation-to-serve is associated with low motivation-to-lead. However, in an environment of low motivation-to-serve, the secondary motive, motivation-to-lead, did not improve the prediction of leader-member exchange. Servant leadership was found to be a universal construct and not limited to any culture.

Keywords: Servant leadership, Motivation-to-serve, Motivation-to-lead, Leader-member exchange, Cross-cultural

JEL Classification: D23, J24

Suggested Citation

Amah, Okechukwu, Servant Leadership Relationship with Leader-Member Exchange: The Moderating Role of Motivation-to-Serve and Motivation-to-Lead (October 28, 2015). International Journal of Management, Economics and Social Sciences, 2015, Vol. 4(3), pp. 108-127, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2682464

Okechukwu Amah (Contact Author)

Pan-Atlantic University - Lagos Business School ( email )

Km 22 Lekki Epe Expressway
Ajah
Lagos
Nigeria

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