Explaining Caste Differences in Private School Attendance

17 Pages Posted: 1 Nov 2015

See all articles by Mehtabul Azam

Mehtabul Azam

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 30, 2015


Using nationally representative education survey, we explore caste differences in private school attendance in India. We find lower private school attendance among the disadvantaged castes -- Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), and Other Backward Castes (OBCs) -- when compared to the non-disadvantaged group (non-SC/ST/OBC). Controlling for geographical location, household and individual level factors reduces the gaps in private school attendance considerably, however the gaps remain quite large. We find that variation in parental education and household consumption expenditure explains a significant proportion of the observed gaps. For ST students, geographical location remains important in explaining the gap in private school attendance.

Keywords: School choice, Private school, Caste Inequality, India

JEL Classification: I21, I24

Suggested Citation

Azam, Mehtabul, Explaining Caste Differences in Private School Attendance (October 30, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2684233 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2684233

Mehtabul Azam (Contact Author)

Oklahoma State University - Stillwater ( email )

Stillwater, OK 74078-0555
United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072

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