Did Foreign Banks 'Cut and Run' or Stay Committed to Emerging Europe During the Crises?

32 Pages Posted: 3 Nov 2015

See all articles by John Bonin

John Bonin

Wesleyan University - Economics Department

Dana Louie

Wesleyan University

Date Written: October 2015

Abstract

Our objective is to examine empirically the behavior of foreign banks regarding real loan growth during a financial crisis for a set of countries in which these banks dominate the banking sectors due primarily to having taken over large existing former state-owned banks. The eight countries are among the most developed in Emerging Europe, their banking sectors having been modernized by the beginning of the time period. We consider a data period that includes an initial credit boom (2004-2007) followed by the global financial crisis (2008 & 2009) and the onset of the Eurozone crisis (2010). Our main innovations with respect to the existing literature on banking during the financial crisis are to include explicit consideration of exchange rate dynamics and to separate foreign banks into two categories, namely, subsidiaries of the Big 6 European MNBs and all other foreign-controlled banks. Our results show that bank lending was impacted adversely by the crisis but that the two types of foreign banks behaved differently. The Big 6 banks remained committed to the region in that their lending behavior was not different from that of domestic banks corroborating the notion that these countries are a “second home market” for these banks. Contrariwise, the other foreign banks were primarily responsible for fueling the credit boom prior to the crisis but then “cut and ran” by decreasing their lending appreciably during the crisis. Our results also indicate different bank behavior in countries with flexible exchange rate regimes from those in the Eurozone. Hence, we conclude that both innovations matter in empirical work on bank behavior during a crisis in the region and may, by extension, be relevant to other small countries in which banking sectors are dominated by foreign financial institutions.

Keywords: foreign bank lending, financial crisis, multinational banks in Emerging Europe

JEL Classification: P34, G01, G15

Suggested Citation

Bonin, John P. and Louie, Dana, Did Foreign Banks 'Cut and Run' or Stay Committed to Emerging Europe During the Crises? (October 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2685275 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2685275

John P. Bonin (Contact Author)

Wesleyan University - Economics Department ( email )

Middletown, CT 06459
United States
203-685-2000 (Phone)

Dana Louie

Wesleyan University ( email )

Middletown, CT 06459
United States

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