The Motherhood Wage Penalty and its Determinants: A Public–Private Comparison

29 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2015

See all articles by Chloé Duvivier

Chloé Duvivier

Université d'Auvergne - Clermont 1 - Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Developpement International (CERDI)

Mathieu Narcy

Centre d'Etudes de l'Emploi

Date Written: December 2015

Abstract

We investigate whether public and private sector employees bear a different wage penalty for having children. According to our estimates, the total motherhood wage penalty is much larger in the private than in the public sector. Nevertheless, in both sectors, we find no unexplained penalty once we control for potential determinants of the family pay gap, namely, a reduced labour supply of mothers, child‐related career interruptions, less access to management positions, and adjustments in working conditions. Finally, only child‐related career interruptions play a different role in explaining the motherhood wage penalty in each sector.

JEL Classification: J13, J31, L33

Suggested Citation

Duvivier, Chloé and Narcy, Mathieu, The Motherhood Wage Penalty and its Determinants: A Public–Private Comparison (December 2015). LABOUR, Vol. 29, Issue 4, pp. 415-443, 2015, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2685455 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/labr.12057

Chloé Duvivier (Contact Author)

Université d'Auvergne - Clermont 1 - Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur le Developpement International (CERDI) ( email )

65 Boulevard Francois Mitterrand
63000 Clermont-Ferrand Cedex 1
France

Mathieu Narcy

Centre d'Etudes de l'Emploi

29 Prom. Michel Simon
Noisy-le-Grand, 93160
France

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