Incorporating Home Equity into a Retirement Income Strategy

17 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2015  

Wade D. Pfau

The American College; McLean Asset Management

Date Written: November 3, 2015

Abstract

Strategic use of a reverse mortgage can improve retirement outcomes. The benefits are non-linear in nature, as they relate to the synergies created by reducing sequence risk for portfolio withdrawals and to the non-recourse aspects of reverse mortgages that can potentially allow a client to spend more than the value of their home. This article explores six different methods for incorporating home equity into a retirement income plan through the use of a reverse mortgage. Generally, strategies which spend the home equity more quickly increase the overall risk for the retirement plan. More upside potential is generated by delaying the need to take distributions from investments, but more downside risk is created because the home equity is used quickly without necessarily being compensated by sufficiently high market returns. Meanwhile, opening the line of credit and that start of retirement and then delaying its use until the portfolio is depleted creates the most downside protection for the retirement income plan. This strategy allows the line of credit to grow longer, perhaps surpassing the home’s value before it is used, providing a bigger base to continue retirement spending after the portfolio is depleted. Use of tenure payments or one of the coordinated spending strategies can also be justified as providing a middle ground which balances the upside potential of using home equity first and the downside protection of using home equity last. A key theme is that there is great value for clients to open a reverse mortgage line of credit at the earliest possible age.

Keywords: retirement, reverse mortgage, retirement income

JEL Classification: C15, D14, G11, G17

Suggested Citation

Pfau, Wade D., Incorporating Home Equity into a Retirement Income Strategy (November 3, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2685816 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2685816

Wade D. Pfau (Contact Author)

The American College ( email )

Bryn Mawr, PA 19010
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.retirementresearcher.com

McLean Asset Management ( email )

8200 Greensboro Dr
# 1150
McLean, VA
United States

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