Express Delivery to the Suburbs: The Effects of Transportation in Europe's Heterogeneous Cities

IEB Working Paper N. 2015/30

46 Pages Posted: 6 Nov 2015

See all articles by Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Autonomous University of Barcelona; University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Ilias Pasidis

University of Barcelona (UB); Barcelona Institute of Economics (IEB)

Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal

University of Barcelona

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: November 4, 2015

Abstract

This paper provides evidence for the causal effect of the highway and railway infrastructure on the suburbanization of population in European cities. We adopt different measures of transportation infrastructure and estimate their joint effects on suburbanization using a two-step panel approach. Our main results suggest that an additional highway ray displaced approximately 4% of the central city population in European cities over a 10-year period, whereas we find no significant effect for the railways on average. However, railways did cause suburbanization those located in Central-North Europe. When employing the full time span covered by our data and accounting for the diversity of European cities, we find a smaller effect of highways on suburbanization during more recent decades and for “cities with history”. Factors such as historical urban amenities, traffic congestion, urban policies etc. appear to provide reasonable explanations for these differences. The findings of this paper are novel and provide valuable insights for European regional and transport policies.

Keywords: Suburbanization, transportation, Europe

JEL Classification: R4, R2, O4

Suggested Citation

Garcia-López, Miquel-Àngel and Pasidis, Ilias and Viladecans-Marsal, Elisabet, Express Delivery to the Suburbs: The Effects of Transportation in Europe's Heterogeneous Cities (November 4, 2015). IEB Working Paper N. 2015/30. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2686252 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2686252

Miquel-Àngel Garcia-López

Autonomous University of Barcelona ( email )

Plaça Cívica
Cerdañola del Valles
Barcelona, Barcelona 08193
Spain

University of Barcelona - Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB) ( email )

Barcelona

Ilias Pasidis

University of Barcelona (UB) ( email )

Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585
Barcelona, 08007
Spain

Barcelona Institute of Economics (IEB) ( email )

c/ John M. Keynes, 1-11
Barcelona, 08034
Spain

Elisabet Viladecans-Marsal (Contact Author)

University of Barcelona ( email )

Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, 585
Barcelona, 08007
Spain

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