Why Studying Individual Differences in CALL?
Tayebinik, M., & Puteh, M. (2015). Why Studying Individual Differences in CALL?. Handbook of Research on Individual Differences in Computer-Assisted Language Learning, p.24. US: IGI Global. DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-8519-2.ch002
Posted: 9 Nov 2015
Date Written: August 3, 2015
The past two decades have witnessed a drastic change in educational delivery methods by wide application of technological tools. In keeping with the growing trend toward using Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), language teaching/learning settings have utilized technological tools extensively. Then, Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) became quite popular as a result of integrating technology into the language classrooms. Although research on CALL has increased in recent years, investigating the effect of individual differences (IDs) on learning has received scant attention in this environment. To highlight the importance of filling this research gap, the present study investigated the integration of technology and instruction, considerable interest of the Net generation to partake in Technology Mediated Learning (TML) environment, widespread application of technology in language learning/teaching practices, and the advent of CALL. Moreover, the significance of individual differences in the field of language learning as well as TML was reviewed extensively. The studies reviewed above underscore the fundamental need for examining IDs in the process of both language learning and TML. This study contributes to the body of literature on CALL by developing a framework that is supported by theoretical assumptions. This framework simply illustrates that studying IDs as quite effective variables in both language learning process and TML environments are needed to be considered in CALL pedagogical scenario. Therefore, most would agree that, CALL studies without considering learners’ IDs that are innate traits of the learners would not be comprehensive enough.
Keywords: Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL), individual differences (IDs), Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), language teaching/learning, Technology Mediated Learning (TML), psychological traits , psychological variable, personality
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