Louisiana's Civil-Law Notaries
43 Southern University Law Review 93 (2016)
30 Pages Posted: 6 Nov 2015 Last revised: 9 Feb 2016
Date Written: November 4, 2015
Louisiana grants expansive powers to non-attorney civil-law notaries public to perform acts considered the practice of law in other jurisdictions, such as receiving a will and selling and mortgaging real estate. Unlike civil-law jurisdictions such as Quebec and Puerto Rico where only attorneys can be notaries, Louisiana commissions notaries with only a high-school education if they can pass a rigorous examination. This article examines the history of Louisiana’s civil-law notaries; their qualifications and functions; the fine line between “notarial advice” and the unauthorized practice of law; the sanctions that can be imposed on notaries who abuse the privileges of their office, including those who engage in unauthorized legal practice; and proposed legislation to enlarge potential actions that can be brought against unauthorized legal practitioners. The article recommends mandating continuing notarial education, requiring a higher bond or higher insurance limits, and raising the educational requirements for prospective notaries.
Keywords: notary public, notaire, notario, Louisiana, civil law
JEL Classification: K00, K10, K19, K20, K30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation