Market Definition in Banking: Recent Evidence

26 Pages Posted: 4 May 2001  

Dean F. Amel

Federal Reserve Board - Financial Structure Section

Martha Starr

American University - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 14, 2001

Abstract

Antitrust analysis of bank mergers defines banking markets to be geographically local and to consist of the cluster of financial products supplied by commercial banks. This definition is based on assumptions about households' and small businesses' behavior in purchasing banking services. This article utilizes data from the Survey of Consumer Finances to examine how households' use of financial services and institutions changed between 1989 and 1998.

We investigate the extent to which households still focus their purchases of financial services at local depository institutions, as opposed to non-depository or distant institutions, and examine the extent to which purchases are clustered at a single institution. Overall, the results indicate that households continue, to a substantial degree, to obtain certain key asset services, notably checking accounts, at local depository institutions.

Keywords: Market definition, antitrust, banking

JEL Classification: L4, G21, G28

Suggested Citation

Amel, Dean F. and Starr, Martha, Market Definition in Banking: Recent Evidence (February 14, 2001). FEDS Discussion Paper No. 2001-16. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=268837 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.268837

Dean F. Amel

Federal Reserve Board - Financial Structure Section ( email )

20th and C Streets, NW
Washington, DC 20551

Martha Starr (Contact Author)

American University - Department of Economics ( email )

4400 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.
Washington, DC 20016-8029
United States
202-885-3747 (Phone)

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