Livestock and the Environment: What Have We Learned in the Past Decade?

Posted: 11 Nov 2015

See all articles by Mario Herrero

Mario Herrero

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)

Stefan Wirsenius

Chalmers University of Technology

Benjamin Henderson

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)

Cyrille Rigolot

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)

Philip Thornton

CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change - Agriculture and Food Security

Petr Havlík

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

Imke de Boer

Wageningen UR - Animal Production Systems Group

Pierre Gerber

World Bank

Date Written: November 2015

Abstract

The livestock and environment nexus has been the subject of considerable research in the past decade. With a more prosperous and urbanized population projected to grow significantly in the coming decades comes a gargantuan appetite for livestock products. There is growing concern about how to accommodate this increase in demand with a low environmental footprint and without eroding the economic, social, and cultural benefits that livestock provide. Most of the effort has focused on sustainably intensifying livestock systems. Two things have characterized the research on livestock and the environment in the past decade: the development of increasingly disaggregated and sophisticated methods for assessing different types of environmental impacts (climate, water, nutrient cycles, biodiversity, land degradation, deforestation, etc.) and a focus on examining the technical potential of many options for reducing the environmental footprint of livestock systems. However, the economic or sociocultural feasibility of these options is seldom considered. Now is the time to move this agenda from knowledge to action, toward realizable goals. This will require a better understanding of incentives and constraints for farmers to adopt new practices and the design of novel policies to support transformative changes in the livestock sector. It will also require novel forms of engagement, interaction, and consensus building among stakeholders with enormously diverse objectives. Additionally, we have come to realize that managing the demand trajectories of livestock products must be part of the solution space, and this is an increasingly important research area for simultaneously achieving positive health and environmental outcomes.

Suggested Citation

Herrero, Mario and Wirsenius, Stefan and Henderson, Benjamin and Rigolot, Cyrille and Thornton, Philip and Havlík, Petr and de Boer, Imke and Gerber, Pierre, Livestock and the Environment: What Have We Learned in the Past Decade? (November 2015). Annual Review of Environment and Resources, Vol. 40, pp. 177-202, 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2688501 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-031113-093503

Mario Herrero (Contact Author)

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)

41 Boggo Rd
Dutton Park, Queensland
Australia

Stefan Wirsenius

Chalmers University of Technology ( email )

SE-412 96 Goteborg
Sweden

Benjamin Henderson

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) ( email )

41 Boggo Rd
Dutton Park, Queensland
Australia

Cyrille Rigolot

Government of the Commonwealth of Australia - CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation) ( email )

41 Boggo Rd
Dutton Park, Queensland
Australia

Philip Thornton

CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change - Agriculture and Food Security ( email )

Addis Ababa
Ethiopia

Petr Havlík

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) ( email )

Schlossplatz 1
Laxenburg, A-2361
Austria

Imke De Boer

Wageningen UR - Animal Production Systems Group ( email )

Wageningen, 6700 AH
Netherlands

Pierre Gerber

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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