The Importance of Employer-to-Employer Flows in the U.S. Labor Market

44 Pages Posted: 4 May 2001

See all articles by Bruce Fallick

Bruce Fallick

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Charles A. Fleischman

Federal Reserve Board - Macroeconomic Analysis Section

Date Written: April 17, 2001

Abstract

In order to measure the flexibility of the labor market, evaluate the job-worker matching process, and model business-cycle dynamics, economists have studied the flows of workers across the labor market states of employment, unemployment, and not in the labor force. One important flow that has been poorly measured is the movement of workers from one employer to another without any significant intervening period of nonemployment. This paper exploits the "dependent interviewing" techniques used in the Current Population Survey since 1994 to estimate such flows. We find that they are large, and their omission significantly understates the degree of mobility in the labor market. In 1999, for example, on average more than 4,000,000 workers changed employers from one month to the next, about the same number as left the labor force from employment and more than twice the number that moved from employment to unemployment. Close to half of the new jobs started in 1999 represented employer changes, as did close to half of the separations. Consistent with previous studies of younger workers, teenagers exhibit the highest rates of employer-switching, and the rate declines through about age 40. However, even among prime-aged workers, about 2 percent change employers each month. Contrary to the implications of many business cycle models, we find no evidence that employer-to-employer flows are procyclical, at least not as the labor market tightened between 1994 and 2000. This finding raises questions about the ways in which stylized facts about labor market flows have been used.

Keywords: Gross Flows, Accessions, Separations, On-The-Job Search, Turnover

JEL Classification: J63, J64, J21, E24

Suggested Citation

Fallick, Bruce and Fleischman, Charles A., The Importance of Employer-to-Employer Flows in the U.S. Labor Market (April 17, 2001). FEDS Working Paper No. 2001-18. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=268852 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.268852

Bruce Fallick (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland ( email )

East 6th & Superior
Cleveland, OH 44101-1387
United States

Charles A. Fleischman

Federal Reserve Board - Macroeconomic Analysis Section ( email )

20th & C. St., N.W.
Mailstop 80
Washington, DC 20551
United States
202-452-6473 (Phone)

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