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رویت ہلال کے فیصلے کے لیے حکم حاکم کی ضرورت (The Need for Governmental Decision about Moonsighting)

Fikr-o-Nazar, 47:2 (2009), 53-82

30 Pages Posted: 5 May 2016  

Muhammad Ahmad

International Islamic University, Islamabad; International Committee of the Red Cross

Date Written: 2009


Urdu Abstract:
اسلامی مہینوں، بالخصوص رمضان، شوال اور ذوالحجہ کے آغاز پر اختلاف کی فضا پیدا ہوجاتی ہے اور سرکاری و غیرسرکاری کمیٹیوں کی جانب سے اعلانات ہوتے ہیں جن کی وجہ سے عامۃ الناس میں بہت بے چینی پھیل جاتی ہے ۔ اس مقالے میں فقہی مواد کا تفصیلی جائزہ لینے کے بعد دکھایا گیا ہے کہ جہاں مسلمانوں کی حکومت ہو وہاں سرکاری طور پر مجاز ادارہ ہی رویت ہلال کا فیصلہ کرسکتا ہے۔ البتہ جہاں مسلمانوں کی حکومت نہ ہو، وہاں کے مسلمان اپنے قابل اعتماد علما کے فتوی پت رمضان وعید کا فیصلہ کرسکتے ہیں ۔

English Abstract: Differing verdicts regarding the sighting of crescent (ru'yat-i hilal) and beginning of the months of Islamic calendar, especially that of the months of Ramadan, Shawwal and Dhi'l-Hijjah, by the official and various private crescent sighting committees, have been creating enormous distress year after year causing dispute and dissention among Muslims. The severity of the issue multiplies especially when the issue lingers on within the jurisdiction of one Islamic country. Digging into the corpus of the Hadith literature and the rich scholarship in Hadith, Usul and Fiqh studies both classical and modern, this article attempts to look into various dimensions of the matter from a Shri'ah perspective. The article concludes that in the absence of a Muslim government in an area Muslims are obliged to follow the decisions of a private crescent sighting (ru'yat-i hilal) committee comprising of trustworthy scholars ('ulama'). On the other hand, in the presence of a Muslim government the responsibility to collect and sift the witnesses regarding crescent sighting (ru'yat-i hilal) and the authority to decide in its light the beginning and the end of the Islamic months solely lies with the ruler (Imam) or his appointed committee. Hence, after the establishment of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, a body of seasoned scholars ('ulama') representing all schools of thought unanimously and voluntarily declared that Muslims living within the jurisdiction of Pakistan are bound by the decisions of the Official Crescent Sighting (ru'yat-i hilal) Committees. The decisions of private committees of religious scholars ('ulama'), in this regard, have no legal authority whatsoever.

Notes: Downloadable document is in Urdu.

Keywords: Moonsighting, Ramadan, Eid, Islamic Calendar

JEL Classification: K14

Suggested Citation

Ahmad, Muhammad, رویت ہلال کے فیصلے کے لیے حکم حاکم کی ضرورت (The Need for Governmental Decision about Moonsighting) (2009). Fikr-o-Nazar, 47:2 (2009), 53-82. Available at SSRN:

Muhammad Ahmad (Contact Author)

International Islamic University, Islamabad ( email )

PO Box 1243
Sector H-10
Islamabad, PA Kpk 44000


International Committee of the Red Cross ( email )

House no. 12, Street 83
Islamabad, 54000

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