Gender Identity and Womens' Supply of Labor and Non-Market Work: Panel Data Evidence for Germany

49 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2015

See all articles by Anna Wieber

Anna Wieber

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin)

Elke Holst

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - German Socio Economic Panel

Date Written: November 8, 2015

Abstract

This paper aims to verify results of the innovative study on gender identity for the USA by Bertrand et al. (2015) for Germany. They found that women who would earn more than their husbands distort their labor market outcome in order not to violate traditional gender identity norms. Using data from the German Socio-economic Panel Study (SOEP) we also find that the distribution of the share of income earned by the wife exhibits a sharp drop to the right of the half, where the wife’s income exceeds the husband’s income. The results of the fixed effects regression confirm that gender identity has an impact on the labor supply of full time working women, but only in Western Germany. We also show that gender identity affects the supply of housework but in contrast to the US where women increase their contribution to non-market work when they actually have a higher income than their husbands, we find for Germany that women only barely reduce their weekly hours of non-market work once their income exceeds that of their husbands.

Keywords: gender roles, gender gap, female labor supply, non-market work, SOEP

JEL Classification: D10, J12

Suggested Citation

Wieber, Anna and Holst, Elke, Gender Identity and Womens' Supply of Labor and Non-Market Work: Panel Data Evidence for Germany (November 8, 2015). DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 1517. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2688965 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2688965

Anna Wieber

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Elke Holst (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - German Socio Economic Panel ( email )

DIW Berlin
Berlin, Berlin 14191
Germany

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