45 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2015
Date Written: September 1, 2014
We consider the problem of designing a financial instrument aimed at mitigating the joint exposure to random price and volume delivery fluctuations of energy-linked commitments. We formulate a functional optimization problem over a set of regular pay-off functions: one is written on energy price, while the other is issued over any index exhibiting statistical correlation to volumetric load. On a theoretical ground, we derive closed-form expressions for both pay-off structures under suitable conditions about the statistical properties of the underlying variables; we pursue analytical computations in the context of a lognormal market model, and deliver explicit formulae for the optimal derivative instruments. On a practical ground, we first develop a comparative analysis of model output through simulation experiments; next, we perform an empirical study based on data quoted at EPEX SPOT power market. Our results suggest that combined price-volume hedging performance improves along with an increase of the correlation between load and index values. This outcome paves the way to a new class of effective strategies for managing volumetric risk upon extreme temperature waves.
Keywords: Volumetric Risk, Energy Risk, Corporate Financial Risk Management, Contract Design, Derivatives
JEL Classification: C31, E43, G11
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