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Private Firm Investment and Public Peer Misvaluation

59 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2015 Last revised: 3 Aug 2017

Brad A. Badertscher

University of Notre Dame

Devin M. Shanthikumar

University of California, Irvine - Paul Merage School of Business

Siew Hong Teoh

University of California, Irvine - Accounting Area

Date Written: July 20, 2017

Abstract

We examine whether misvaluation of publicly traded industry peers is associated with capital expenditures by privately-held firms. An economic competition hypothesis predicts a negative relation because misvaluation-induced new investment by public firms crowds out investment by private firms when they share common input or output markets. An alternative shared-sentiment hypothesis predicts a positive relation because private firm stakeholders share in the sentiment associated with misvaluation in public markets. Misvaluation is proxied using both the price-to-fundamental ratio and an exogenous instrument obtained from mutual fund flows. The evidence is consistent with the shared-sentiment hypothesis, and robust to alternative treatments for growth opportunities. We find expected cross-sectional variation in the strength of the positive relation between public-peer misvaluation and private firm investment. Our results indicate that private firms finance misvaluation-induced investment primarily internally or externally with debt, not equity. Finally, misvaluation-induced investment increases future return on investment for private firms in contrast with public firms. Overall, these findings suggest that overvaluation in public markets increases private firm investments and has beneficial effects on private firm investments by relaxing financing constraints.

Keywords: private firms, investment, misvaluation, overvaluation, catering pressure, debt issuance, equity issuance, agency costs

JEL Classification: G32, M41

Suggested Citation

Badertscher, Brad A. and Shanthikumar, Devin M. and Teoh, Siew Hong, Private Firm Investment and Public Peer Misvaluation (July 20, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2689880 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2689880

Brad Badertscher

University of Notre Dame ( email )

Mendoza College of Business
Notre Dame, IN 46556-5646
United States

Devin Shanthikumar (Contact Author)

University of California, Irvine - Paul Merage School of Business ( email )

Paul Merage School of Business
SB 440
Irvine, CA 92697-3125
United States

Siew Hong Teoh

University of California, Irvine - Accounting Area ( email )

Irvine, CA 92697-3125
United States

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