Chapter 23: Defense Support of Civil Authorities Responding to Natural and Man-Made Disasters
U.S. Military Operations Law, Policy, and Practice (Oxford 2015)
39 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2015
Date Written: December 03, 2015
Part I. of this chapter overviews the historic laws and policies that are the foundations for defense support to civilian authorities. This sets the stage for a non-exhaustive historical assessment in Part II of 20th and 21st century examples of defense support to civil authorities, broken down into the eras of: the early to mid-20th Century; mid to late-20th Century; the late 1970s through Early 1990s: and the so-called “Garden Plot” civil disturbance plan being revisited in real-world application; and the early 2000s through 2010s, putting the Federal Government’s National Response Plan (NRP) (later called National Response Framework - NRF) to test in contemporary operations including those ongoing at the time of this chapter’s writing. This will set the stage for the way ahead described in Part III, considering the current framework for future national response to disasters and emergencies.
Keywords: Defense, Support, Civil Authorities, Natural Disaster, Man Made Disaster, Garden Plot, Civil Disturbance, National Response Plan, Emergencies, Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, DoD, DHS
JEL Classification: H50, H56, H70, N40, I18, J18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation